When drawing a realistic image, to create the illusion of realism, you absolutely must have a firm grasp on light and shadows. For this tutorial, we’ll focus on four different types of pencil shading – crosshatching, “slinky”, smooth, and stippling.
Next, we’ll cover crosshatching. This is a very popular method of shading that is also very common when using a pen or marker. This method of shading involves drawing alternate sets of lines on top of each other in a criss-cross pattern. The closer together the lines are, the darker the shading will be. Highlights are produced by allowing a lot of space between the lines, or leaving them out completely.
Recommended Shading Materials
Faber Castell 12 Pencil Set—
This pencil set is a great one for all the shading you could ever want to do. These pencils are a little more on the darker side than most, which is great for getting smooth, deep shades.
These pencils range from 8B (darkest) to 2H (lightest).
When you’re doing smooth shading, it is easy to accidentally shade a little too much. If you run into this problem, the absolute best eraser to pick up dark pencil is a kneaded rubber eraser. This isn’t a traditional eraser, it is very soft and moldable. This softness is what helps this eraser to remove lots of pencil off the paper and leave a crisp white underneath.
If stippling or pointillism is what you’re trying to do, then a fine-tipped pen set is the best tool you can have. You can do pointillism in pencil if you like, but the effect just isn’t the same as doing it in pen. This is a simple set that includes only 3 pens of different thicknesses– But, that is really all you would ever need.